August 14th, 2017

AI’s influence is more than what you think! A look into the current implications of Artificial Intelligence.

Data – Lots and Lots of them

Do you know that today we create 2.5 quintillion bytes of data every day. Strikingly, almost 90% of the data we see today were created in the last two years alone! From sensors that calculate climate information to GPS signals, transaction records, digital photos, videos and social media posts the data comes from everywhere. Every little digital thing we do is generating data like never before and this is exactly what machines need. Using this bulk amount of data, machines can create patterns which will eventually help them to learn more about human psychology and behavior. They have already made progress in this regard and let us see some of their present day applications.

Transport

From the start of life, man has always moved from one place to another in search of food, shelter or better way of living. We still continue to do so and transportation is an important aspect in everyone’s life. So, when the daily movement gets smart and intelligent it could benefit our lifestyle a lot. Over the last four or five years, there have been several artificial intelligence applications in the transportation field. Let us see some of them.

Driving Assistance

You might already be familiar with cars that have automatic transmission. But lately, enterprises have introduced several other pathbreaking technologies to smoothen the process of transportation. An important player in advanced driver assistance and autonomous driving is Quanergy systems. With features such as parking assist, blind spot detection, lane keeping, autonomous emergency braking, traffic jam assist and adaptive cruise control they help drivers in preventing collisions and accidents. The system provides situational data for the vehicle to drive on itself as well. Using their sensing and perception system, commercial vehicles can also provide significant security related insight into the functioning of the vehicle.

Auro Robotics based in U.S has developed a driverless shuttle for in-campus travel. These zero emission shuttles are exclusively designed to navigate across busy campus pathways and it is suitable for traveling across university campuses, corporate parks and residential communities.

Regulation and Control

‘Netradyne’, who has their office in San Diego California and Bangalore India, launched ‘Driveri’ platform to capture every moment of the commercial driving experience. A gadget armed with cameras is set in the rear view mirror of cars and this records the driving pattern and surroundings. The system can also recognize everything on the road from vehicles, pedestrians, red lights and even animals. They can detect unsafe drivings like tailgating and harsh braking and also recognize traffic violations. The system also foresees emergency events and can instantly alert the fleet supervisors. Netradyne is the first commercial vehicle technology provider to merge artificial intelligence with video to detect and determine the causality of events.

Netradyne

Nauto is another such platform that uses deep learning artificial intelligence technology to track driver alertness, near misses and unsafe driving habits. Their air powered dual camera can learn from both the road and the driver and provide guidance, insight and even real time feedback. This will significantly benefit fleet companies, city transport controls and even the insurance companies which will correspondingly make any city a safe driving place.

Research and Safety

Artificial Intelligence not only helps in smooth day to day transportation but also helps to broaden research and security. Suppose you are an individual or a firm that has to research on seemingly unreachable areas like mines or deep areas of an ocean or sea. How could you go there and collect all the relevant data? This is where startups like Clearpath Robotics can be of help. They provide robotic hardware, software and services to facilitate robot development, deployment and operation for research and industrial environments. Recently they were involved in a project with Singapore government to monitor and survey the Singapore coast. The information supplied is used to generate new tools to improve the accessibility of harbor and to monitor harmful algae bloom, land reclamation and so on.

Railpod is a system that combines numerous inspection technologies into one platform to reduce railway inspection budgets and supervisor’s physical presence. This portable system has a wide range of inspection capabilities that can be used by any inspector with a minimum amount of training. Wider data sets of rail condition measured frequently would result in a more efficient and safer rail road network. Moreover, supervisors don’t have to expose themselves to dangerous environments and they can easily monitor multiple networks at the same time. They can even analyze how compatible a rail system is to the geography and rail habits of a territory. Any minor flaw in the system will be instantaneously alerted upon and the corresponding action can be taken immediately. Imagine the number of accidents it could save! They can also predict future maintenance needs by determining the future geographical and climate changes.

Cloud

Shared computer processing resources help to fasten the processing speed, enables huge data access and analytics and also provides centralized connectivity. This makes cloud computing an ideal platform to deploy artificial intelligence in the field of transport. Recently, General Motors partnered with IBM to launch a connected car platform ‘OnStarGo’ which was the first cognitive mobility platform for the car industry. This platform uses IBM’s supercomputer ‘Watson’ which defeated world chess champion Garry Kasparov back in the late 1990s. General Motors already has an OnStar system that provides security and navigation assistance to users. OnStarGo aims to broaden its capabilities by adding user data and enabling mobile commerce. The system can study the daily habits of its drivers and recommend suggestions using the ai technology. For example, they can study your restaurant habits and suggest nearby hotels as you are driving through a new city or town. When you are in a new place and if you are confused what might be the healthy food, ‘Watson’ can come to your rescue. The system can access the temperature outside together with your eating and drinking habits and recommend the best seasonal drink or food from the shop nearby. How many times have you partner blamed you for not buying things you are not supposed to. Watson can save you here too. Depending upon your purchase cycle and habit, they can instantly remind you to buy things that matter as soon as you are about to pass through a shop. They can even automatically order food or shopping items based on your buying history as soon as you get near the shop, saving you ample time. Additionally, they can locate gas stations and also enable the driver to pay for the transaction from inside the vehicle.

OnStarGo

Clear path robotic

Education

Education by itself is a powerful tool that can change the world. With technology coming to its aid, the future education will be powered by flawless intelligent and smart systems. We are already familiar with massive open online courses, virtual classrooms and visualized learning. Let us see some of the present level ai implications in education.

Knewton – for personalized learning

No two students are the same. The strength, weakness and understanding level of every student is different. But do the study materials consider this as a factor? Whether you are a slow learner or a quick one, traditional textbooks can only teach you content one way. What if there is a change to this. What if you can personalize your education just like how you customize your social media and applications to receive only information that you need. This is what ‘Knewton’, an adaptive learning company based in New York has went on to achieve. Knewton, regularly evaluates how each student learns a concept and thus automatically determines whether to provide a text explanation, video clip or even a game! Students can also select the level of practical questions that they wish to attend. So, just like you play a video game you can opt for easy, medium or hard level of questions. When students log in to Knewton, they can see their recent achievements, latest assignments, overall progress and also fellow study partners who are online. Students can also easily interact with learners whose learning methods are the same and help each other to improve their learning process. When teachers use Knewton, they can easily figure out the learning style and progress of each of their students and compare them to their region or even to all students in Knewton. They can determine which teaching style would suit best and what topics would need additional attention. Even parents can use the system to know where kids need their help. Parents can receive regular alerts on what concepts did their children study, what did they miss and how quickly they master a certain topic. Arizona State University reported that by using Knewton, their pass rate increased by 17%, course withdrawals dropped 56% and 45% of students finished courses four weeks early.

Knewton

Infantium – For cognitive analytics and brain science.

Infantium is an application programming interface that helps content creators to personalize any digital content. Using behavioral data analysis and high end computing, infantium helps any publisher to generate products by learning and understanding how each child learns. There are several applications and games that aids education. Infantium provides real time performance and usage reports to such developers and also analyses what sort of skills kids develop while using those apps. They could also let developers know the age group among which their app would best fit in. This way, developers can create more efficient and useful content that could tune the future generation.

Infantium

SpeakingPal – To improve English

SpeakingPal is a mobile education company that helps you improve your spoken English skills. It enables the user to speak with a video character and you would actually feel like talking to a live person. For every word and sentence you say, they provide instant feedback. Their multi answers option allows you to take control of the conversation and it listens, understands and responds accordingly. Additionally, they have plenty of video lessons, quizzes and games to develop your English. So, if you are struggling with English at school or if you find English as a hindrance to fly abroad or if you just want to improve your language skills, this can be a useful interface.

KinderLab Robotic – To learn Technology

What if children can themselves build robots to do what they want without the need of any smartphone, tablet or computer? This is what the KIBO program in KinderLab Robotics offer. The program is based on the core idea that children learn by doing. And by allowing children to make and program robots, it gives them a chance to make their ideas come alive. This way children can learn skills such as engineering and programming, problem solving and storytelling in a playful manner.

Healthcare

There is no doubt that technology has played an important role in improving the health and life span of human beings. Viruses and other harmful infections, that were once undetectable are now easily diagnosed and cured. With artificial intelligence on the upsurge, healthcare is only going to improve. Let us see some of the exciting present day uses.

Enlitic – For quicker and accurate results

So you go to see your physician with all the medical images and X- rays. He takes a deep look at it, arrives at a conclusion and prescribes you further medication. But how many times have you opted for a second opinion just to make sure that your earlier physician was right? Now, what if there is a system that can interpret every medical image and improve the accuracy of physicians by 50-70% and at a speed 50000 times faster. This is the scope of ‘Enlitic’, a San Francisco based startup. Their ‘deep learning’ technology can incorporate wide variety of medical data including radiology and pathology images, blood tests, patient histories, genomics, EKGs and EHRS. This vastness provides better accuracy and in depth insights for every patient. In other words, this is like a super intelligent assistant to your doctor!

Aicure – For improved medical adherence

It is reported that 30% of clinical trials fail and millions of high risk patients are hospitalized each year because of improper medical adherence. And in almost 90% of cases, the patient behavior stays unknown to the doctor or healthcare specialist. Aicure, a New York based startup is committed in changing that scenario altogether. They use artificial intelligence on a smartphone to develop a visual recognition system that will recognize the patient’s face and the medication they are taking. Once the ingestion is confirmed, the data is transferred to your healthcare specialist. Real time intervention will be triggered if there is any improper use of medication or suspicious activity. The system can also be customized according to disease type, demographics and risk factors. Biopharmaceutical companies can significantly benefit from the improved data regarding patient habits and this will allow them to focus on patients with lower compliance or higher risk factors. The system can be downloaded as an app to any mobile.

iCarbonX – A ‘Digital Me’ Guide

What if there is a system to observe, study, guide and take care of one’s health right from the beginning of life. This is what ‘iCarbonX’, the Chinese startup is pursuing to achieve. They have formed alliance with seven international technological companies to gather various kinds of health data. Using algorithms to analyze genomic, physiological and behavioral data, the system would provide personalized health and medical advice to customers through an application. In addition to exploring genomes, the system will also scrub into biological molecules from various tissues and thereby maintain an accurate and actionable picture of an individual’s health. One of their alliances Somalogic has a chip that measures 4200 proteins simultaneously. HealthTell, another alliance has a chip that uses 330,000 protein fragments to obtain antibodies from a sample of blood and they can provide information regarding disease progress, allergies and vaccine effectiveness. So, you can store your genomic data, medical data and daily health data to know your health condition whenever and wherever.

Medrobotics, a U.S startup designed a Flex Robotic System that helps surgeons reach areas of h the man body that were once impossible. This is supposed to be the first robot assisted platform cleared by the Food and Drug Administration for the use in transoral procedures. Through a single site, this minimally invasive system provides surgical access and visualization in difficult to reach locations. When the system is expanded through the body, it even remembers where the curves are and acts accordingly. They also have an HD camera, endpoint instruments and a small footprint for accessibility in hospitals. Using the highly flexible ‘Flex Retractor’, surgeons can also expand their reach in difficult parts of mouth and throat.

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